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If HG continued past mid-pregnancy, did you experience complications during delivery related to your poor health such as a strained ligaments/joints, pelvic floor damage, prolonged or weak pushing, fainting, low blood pressure, low pain tolerance, forceps/assisted delivery, broken bones, nerve damage, low amniotic fluid, fetal problems due to difficult delivery, etc.?


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Secondary Depression

Secondary Depression & Psychosocial Stress: related to inadequate support, helplessness, inactivity, malnutrition, dehydration, and overall misery. Depression in turn often results in complaints such as dysphoric mood, worrying, somatic and psychic anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, anger, and irritability.

Women should be assessed postpartum for PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) and PPD (Postpartum Depression) which can adversely impact future pregnancies.

Offsite Research:

Chronic stressors, social support, and depression during pregnancy.
Seguin L, Potvin L, St-Denis M, Loiselle J.
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Canada.
Obstetrics & Gynecology 1995 Apr;85(4):583-9.

During pregnancy, depressive symptoms are common, especially in women of low socioeconomic status, and are strongly related to socioenvironmental factors.

[Physical activity among pregnant women in relation to pregnancy-related complaints and symptoms of depression] [Article in Norwegian]
Nordhagen IH, Sundgot-Borgen J.
Seksjon for idrettsmedisin Norges idrettshogskole Postboks 806 Ulleval Stadion 0863 Oslo. (e-mail: ingjerd@delfinen.no)
Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening 2002 Feb 20;122(5):470-4.

Psychosocial correlates of prepartum and postpartum depressed mood.
Da Costa D, Larouche J, Dritsa M, Brender W.
Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Long Island Campus for Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, NY.
Journal of Affective Disorders 2000 Jul;59(1):31-40.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and pregnancy complications.
Seng JS, Oakley DJ, Sampselle CM, Killion C, Graham-Bermann S, Liberzon I.
School of Nursing, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. (e-mail: julia-seng@uiowa.edu)
Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001 Jan;97(1):17-22.

Updated on: Aug. 17, 2019

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